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Using the Recovery Capital paradigms to support desistance of offenders with substance use disorder

The Recovery Capital Program is an evidence based approach for offenders with substance use disordes (SUD's), which focuses on specific behavior change techniques that are generic enough to be applied to change a wide range of behaviors, and so is able to support offenders and address their substance use and offending simultaneously. The program has been implemented in several countries, and has been translated into 6 different languages. 

The links between substance use and offending are clear. Recovery is being seen as a central part of the process of rehabilitation from offending, with substance abuse identified as a key criminogenic risk factor. In recent years, research has demonstrated the commonalities between recovery and rehabilitation, and the possible merits of providing interventions to substance-involved offenders that address both problematic sets of behaviors.

Given the links between substance use and offending, the Recovery Capital Program finds it beneficial to provide multi-focussed interventions that address both these behaviors simultaneously, in addition to other areas of multiple and complex needs. Specifically, digital technologies may give an opportunity to widen access to such multi-focussed interventions, through computer-assisted therapy delivery modalities.

One of the areas of focus of the Recovery Capital Program is to reinforce a social identity model of recovery transformation, which fits well with the positive criminology perspective of personal transformation in developing a new ‘non-offending’ identity.
Fellowship Foundation Recovery Community Organization's Recovery Capital Program

The Recovery Capital Program (Rec Cap) utilizes evaluation and assessment tools to track and measure outcomes around addiction. These tools provide a comprehensive baseline and tracks intervention effectiveness, allowing staff and other care team members to follow client progress and tailor their support. The Rec Cap is a multidimensional score measuring of an individual's overall addiction wellness.

The structure of the Rec Cap is based on four primary areas shown to play an integral role in an individual’s ability to recover from addiction: Human Capital, Physical Capital, Social Capital and Cultural capital.

These components are based not on substance use but on functional and other outcome indicators that provide much richer information about the status of someone’s health and wellbeing.
TRACK PROGRESS
Measure changes in personal, social and cultural recovery capital over time.

INFORM CARE
Understand each client's progress to provide individualized recovery care and support.

PROVE OUTCOMES
Capture meaningful data to assess intervention effectiveness and demonstrate results

EXTEND ENGAGEMENT
Stay connected to clients to help improve their wellness.
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